Johor Bahru is one of the fastest-growing cities in Malaysia after Kuala Lumpur. It is the main commercial center for Johor and is located in the Indonesia–Malaysia–Singapore Growth Triangle. Tertiary-based industry dominates the economy with many international tourists from the regions visiting the city. It is the center of financial services, commerce and retail, arts and culture, hospitality, urban tourism, plastic manufacturing, electrical and electronics, and food processing. The main shopping districts are located within the city, with a number of large shopping malls located in the suburbs. Johor Bahru is the location of numerous conferences, congress and trade fairs, such as the Eastern Regional Organisation for Planning and Housing and the World Islamic Economic Forum. The city is the first in Malaysia to practice a low-carbon economy.
The city has a very close economic relationship with Singapore. There are around 3,000 logistic lorries crossing between Johor Bahru and Singapore every day for delivering goods between the two sides for trading activities. Many residents in Singapore frequently visit the city during the weekends; some of them have also chosen to live in the city. Many of the city’s residents work in Singapore. In 2014, the sudden change by the Sultan of Johor of weekend rest days from Saturday and Sunday to Friday and Saturday had a relatively small impact on the city economy, with business especially affected. However, it could boost the tourism industry, since shops can now open on Sunday, attracting more tourists from Singapore.
Johor Bahru formerly known as Tanjung Puteri or Iskandar Puteri is the capital of the state of Johor, Malaysia. It is situated along the Straits of Johor at the southern end of Peninsular Malaysia. Johor Bahru has a population of 497,097, while its metropolitan area, with a population of 1,638,219, is the third largest in the country.
Johor Bahru was founded in 1855 as Iskandar Puteri when the Sultanate of Johor came under the influence of Temenggong Daeng Ibrahim. The area was renamed “Johor Bahru” in 1862 and became the capital of the Sultanate when the Sultanate administration center was moved there from Telok Blangah.
The Sultan Ibrahim Building (Malay: Bangunan Sultan Ibrahim; Jawi: باڠونن سلطان إبراهيم) is a former state secretariat building of Johor. It is located at Bukit Timbalan in Johor Bahru, Malaysia. The building was constructed between 1936 and 1939 and was completed in 1940 as the British colonial government attempted to streamline the state’s administration. It was officially opened by the late Sultan Ibrahim of Johor.
It was also the tallest building in Malaya during the pre-Merdeka era. In Johor Bahru itself, it stood unchallenged as the tallest building in the town until the completion of the Merlin Tower in the 1970s.
The offices of the state secretariat have now moved to Kota Iskandar. There are plans to convert the building into a museum.
The Johor–Singapore Causeway, (Malay: Tambak Johor) is a 1,056-metre causeway that links the city of Johor Bahru in Malaysia Across the Straits of Johor to the town of Woodlands in Singapore. It serves as a road and rail link, as well as water piping into Singapore.
Merdeka is a word in the Indonesian and Malay language meaning independent or free. It is derived from the Sanskrit Maharddhika meaning “rich, prosperous and powerful”. In the Malay archipelago, this term had acquired the meaning of a freed slave.
The term Mardijker is a Dutch corruption of the Portuguese version of the original Sanskrit words and was used to designate former Portuguese and Dutch slaves from India in the East Indies, known as Mardijkers, whence the Malay meaning of “free(dom)” is derived. Mardijker is the former Catholic slaves brought from India and the East Indies that were liberated by the Dutch if they abandoned Catholicism and embraced the Dutch Reformed Church.
Sultan Abu Bakar State Mosque (Malay: Masjid Negeri Sultan Abu Bakar) is the state mosque of Johor, Malaysia. Located along Jalan Skudai, Johor Bahru, the mosque was constructed between 1892 and 1900, under the direction of Sultan Abu Bakar.
Johor Bahru Old Chinese Temple (Chinese: 柔佛古廟; pinyin: Róufú Gǔmiào) known as Old Temple (Chinese: 古廟; pinyin: Gǔmiào) by the locals, is a Chinese temple located in Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia. Located at Jalan Trus, the temple is flanked by modern skyscrapers. This temple is one of the oldest structures in Johor Bahru. A temple is a place of worship and a symbol of unity among Five Chinese Dialect Groups which are “Teochew”, “Hoklo (Hokkien)”, “Cantonese”, “Hakka” and “Hainan”.
In 2007, a Documentary Series called My Roots featured the temple in the episode “Grand March with the Deities”.
The Johor Public Library headquarters is the main library in the state, located off Yahya Awal Road. Another public library branch is the University Park in Kebudayaan Road, while there are other libraries or private libraries in schools, colleges, and universities. Two village libraries are available in the district of Johor Bahru.
Shopping malls in Johor Bahru include Johor Bahru City Square, Holiday Plaza, Komtar JBCC, KSL City, Paradigm Mall, Plaza Pelangi, Plaza Kotaraya and Danga City Mall. New malls continue to be constructed in the city. The Mawar Handicrafts Centre, a government-funded exhibition and sales center, is located along the Sungai Chat road and sells various batik and songket clothes. Opposite this is the Johor Area Rehabilitation Organisation (JARO) Handicrafts Centre which sells items such as hand-made cane furniture, soft toys and rattan baskets made by the physically disabled.
Johor Bahru City Square is a shopping center and office building in Wong Ah Fook Street, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia.
The Grand Palace is one of the historical attractions in the city and is an example of Victorian-style architecture with a garden. Figure Museum is another historical colonial building since 1886 whichever become the house for the Johor first Menteri Besar Jaafar Mohamed; it is located on the top of Smile Hill (Bukit Senyum) overlooking the Johor Straits. The English College (now Maktab Sultan Abu Bakar) established in 1914 was located close to the Sungai Chat Palace before being moved to its present location at Sungai Chat Road; some of the ruins are visible at the old site. The Sultan Ibrahim Building is another historical building in the city; built-in 1936 by British architect Palmer and Turner, it was the center of the administration of Johor as since the relocation from Telok Blangah in Singapore, the Johor government never had its own building. Before the current railway station was built, there was Johor Bahru railway station (formerly Wooden Railway) which has now been turned into a museum after serving for 100 years since the British colonial era.
The Danga Bay is a 25 kilometers (16 mi) area of recreational waterfront. There are around 15 established golf courses, of which two offer 36-hole facilities; most of these are located within resorts. The city also features a number of paintball parks which are also used for off-road motorsports activities.
The Johor Zoo is one of the oldest zoos in Malaysia; built-in 1928 covering 4 hectares (9.9 acres) of land, it was originally called “animal garden” before being handed to the state government for renovation in 1962. The zoo has around 100 species of animals, including wild cats, camels, gorillas, orangutans, and tropical birds. Visitors can participate in activities such as horse riding or using pedalos
The Johor Zoo (Malay: Zoo Johor) is a zoo in Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
The zoo was opened in 1928 by His Royal Highness Almarhum Sultan Sir Ibrahim Ibni Almarhum Sultan Sir Abu Bakar and named as the Kebun Binatang, which is Malay for Animal Garden, or zoo. At the time, the Johor Zoo was the first of its kind in Southeast Asia. On 1 April 1962, the zoo was handed over to Johor State Government and opened to the public that same year. The 12.5 acre Johor Zoo has located 1 km from Johor Bahru City Centre and is the only zoo administered by a state government in Malaysia.